Revista Opinión Jurídica
Print version ISSN 1692-2530
GONZALEZ AGUDELO, Elvia María. Back to translation or again about history of the hermeneutics concept. Opin. jurid. [online]. 2011, vol.10, n.19, pp. 41-60. ISSN 1692-2530.
The word hermeneutics as a neologism was introduced into the language by the philosopher Dannhauer in 1654, referring to a general science of interpretation as propaedeutic for all sciences. From there on the horizon of the past, the word hermeneutics was considered by Greek mythology as the enunciation of thought, translation, order or divination. But, with Aristotle the hermeneutics begins to be conceived as a language in analysis of judgments and in legal theory as comprehension, interpretation and creation. Thus, the use of the term Hermeneia was spread in the Middle Ages, around the theological and legal issues. In the theological, a particular text was applied, the Bible, developed between two opposites: the allegorical described by Filón de Alejandria, Orígenes, and Augusto de Dacia and the literal expounded by Lutero, Philipp Melanchthon and Flacius Illyricus. In the legal field, the hermeneia developed between dogmatics and exegesis stating as a professional discipline. However, the contemporary of the word hermeneutics as a general science, as Dannhauer´s style, was followed by Wolff, Chladenius and Meier and from there, in the horizon, hermeneutics is a concept in Schleiermacher, Boeckh, Droysen, Dilthey and the lawyer Betti, all of them give the possibility of method to the understanding to apply truths to the Sciences of Spirits, following the model of the Natural Sciences. But in the twentieth century, with Heidegger and Gadamer, hermeneutics fully incurred in the problem of the being, it is the turn from the epistemological to the philosophical because the concept that carries the Sciences of the Spirit is the development. The Hermeneutics allows the formation of the being since is the translation of something strange in something of their own.
Keywords : Hermeneutics; formation; translation; prejudices; reflection; prior understanding; analysis; understanding; interpretation; synthesis; hermeneutic circle; tradition; effectual history; experience, horizon; conversation and sense structures.