Revista Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales, Niñez y Juventud
Print version ISSN 1692-715X
APARICIO, Pablo Christian. Incidence of structural reforms on Argentinian youth. Transformations, Tensions and Challenges. Rev.latinoam.cienc.soc.niñez juv [online]. 2009, vol.7, n.1, pp. 155-177. ISSN 1692-715X.
The educational reforms in Latin America and, especially in , were influenced by the introduction of a new economic and hegemonic social model at global level from a neoliberal perspective. This model advocated for a free market economy capable of guaranteeing a permanent and successful commercial and financial aperture, as well as the consolidation of efficient and "minimal" States, which should function as genuine guarantors of competition, social equity and the strengthening of citizenship from an individual perspective and the effective functioning of democratic institutions. In the field of education it is observable that theoretical and political bases which are inherent to the reforms established in the beginning of the 1990s, crashed in their implementation with obstacles which turned to be a structural limitation for the realization of the most significant projects and objectives concerning that new political project. In this context young people, as strategic actors of development, bearing in mind the imminent failure of the processes aiming at the transformation and modernization of the educational policy, find themselves without capital and the cognitive, social and cultural tools necessary to participate or integrate themselves in an every-day more complex world, especially in the labour market, social organization and political and institutional life. The hopeless situation of the young people is a danger not only for the future of a society, but especially for the sustainability of the present development model, questioned by social exclusion, unemployment, precariousness and poverty.
Keywords : Structural transformations in Argentina; social and educational crisis; education reform; youth unemployment and social exclusion; development alternatives.