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Revista Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales, Niñez y Juventud

Print version ISSN 1692-715X


DEAMBROSIO, Marisa; VAZQUEZ, Marisel Gutiérrez de; ARAN-FILIPPETTI, Vanessa  and  ROMAN, Fabián. Effects of mistreatment on neurocognition: A study on institutionalized and noninstitutionalized children who have suffered mistreatment. Rev.latinoam.cienc.soc.niñez juv [online]. 2018, vol.16, n.1, pp.239-253. ISSN 1692-715X.

The purpose of this study is: (i) to analyze the differences in the application of a neurocognitive protocol for children that have suffered maltreatment compared to children who have not suffered abuse; and (ii) to examine if there are any differences between institutionalized and non-institutionalized children who have suffered mistreatment. A total of 30 seven- to twelveyear-old children who suffered mistreatment during early childhood (11 institutionalized and 19 noninstitutionalized) and 24 children in a control group were assessed. The WISC IV, the TOMAL, Eyes Test and Faux Pas Recognition Test and the SCARED scale were employed. Significant differences were found between abused and non-abused children in every aspect that was analyzed. Furthermore, abused institutionalized children have shown a dramatically lower performance in their IQ tests compared to non-institutionalized children who were abused. Early stress experiences seem to produce a neurodevelopment characterized by deficiencies in terms of cognitive and emotional aspects.

Keywords : Neuropsychology; abuse; institutionalization; childhood; age (Unesco Social Science Thesaurus).

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