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Revista Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales, Niñez y Juventud

versão impressa ISSN 1692-715Xversão On-line ISSN 2027-7679


TOMAS, José M.; FERNANDEZ, Irene; NAVARRO-PEREZ, José-Javier  e  CARBONELL, Ángela. Evolution of risk and vulnerability in childhood and adolescence. Rev.latinoam.cienc.soc.niñez juv [online]. 2023, vol.21, n.3, pp.240-264.  Epub 12-Dez-2023. ISSN 1692-715X.

Risk and protective factors can be used for risk and needs assessments, prevention, and intervention in cases involving mistreatment of children. The aim of this study is to provide a longitudinal analysis of risks and vulnerabilities in childhood and adolescence, with the goal of determining which factors can be used as indicators for progress with cases. A sample of 102 children and adolescents supported by the child welfare system in Spain was used along with measurements based on three different points in time. The study’s results indicated that there is a change in risk levels, with a general trend of decreasing risk and increasing protective elements. The study’s findings identified the existence of a group of dynamic factors and another group of static factors. This study highlighted the relevance of continuous and long-term care and intervention in order to strengthen protection and decrease risks for children.

Palavras-chave : Child abuse; adolescence; child welfare; risk factors; protective factors.

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