Revista Ciencias de la Salud
Print version ISSN 1692-7273
VARGAS, Olga Cecilia. Exercise Training in Chronic Respiratory Disease. Rev. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2003, vol.1, n.2, pp. 180-189. ISSN 1692-7273.
Patients with chronic pulmonary disease have an inactive lifestyle with a progressive vicious cycle of physical inactivity, deconditioning and more dyspnea. Physical Therapy attempts to improve cardiopulmonary function and physical conditioning. In Pulmonary Rehabilitation, exercise training is considered the most important aspect because improves aerobic exercise capacity and skeletal muscle function, and reduces breathlessness. Endurance training can include lower extremity training with treadmill or cycle ergometer and upper limbs exercises specialy in patients that have problems with arms movement. The use of high intensity training has showed better results, including less dyspnea and more functional capacity. Complementary therapies include ventilatory assistance with pressure support or proportional ventilatory assistance during training, anabolic hormones, nutritional support and functional electric stimulation.
Keywords : Exercise training; chronic pulmonary disease (CPD); dyspnea; strength training; endurance training.