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Revista Ciencias de la Salud

versión impresa ISSN 1692-7273

Resumen

CUELLAR GORDO, Leydy Constanza et al. Epidemiological Behavior of Ophidean Accidents in the Department of Magdalena, Colombia (2009-2013). Rev. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2016, vol.14, n.2, pp.161-177. ISSN 1692-7273.  http://dx.doi.org/10.12804/revsalud14.02.2016.02.

Objective: To determine the epidemiological behavior of snakebite accidents in the Department of Magdalena, in the years between 2009 and 2013. Materials and methods: Descriptive and retrospective study. The sample size was 485 cases reported to the national Public Health Surveillance System. The information was organized in Microsoft Excel® and processed in Epi-INFO program version 3.5.4 of 2012. Bivariate analysis was performed using descriptive statistics, association test (OR) and statistical significance (p <0.05); keeping the corresponding ethical and methodological rigor. Results: The age group between 10 and 29 years was the most affected (44.5%), predominantly males (73%) living in rural areas (59%). The municipalities with the highest incidence and reporting cases were zona bananera (15.9%), Ciénaga (11.8%), El Banco (10.7%), Pivijay (9.5%) and Ariguaní (8.2%). We found statistical association between being bitten by mapana snake and exerting both agricultural work: OR = 0.53 (CI95%: 0.36 - 0.77; p = 0.00116) and housework: OR = 2.29 (CI95%: 1.36 - 3.87; p = 0.00148). It appears similar between being bitten by a mapana snake and having nausea: OR = 1.60 (CI95%: 1.04 - 2.44; p = 0.029) as systemic clinical manifestations. Conclusions: The snakebites continue to be events of interest to global public health. However, it is necessary to encourage adherence to the national epidemiological surveillance protocol and to improve notification in the primary institutions to avoid underreporting. Moreover, it is important to continue the research in different regions in order to compare findings and to establish prevention and control strategies.

Palabras clave : Snakes; Snakebites; Public health; Incidence; Epidemiology.

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