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Eidos

Print version ISSN 1692-8857

Abstract

GUARIGLIA, Osvaldo. Democracia y justicia global: obstáculos y perspectivas. Eidos [online]. 2012, n.17, pp.114-133. ISSN 1692-8857.

From its very beginning during the fifth century B.C. democracy, as a politi-cal regime, has maintained a constant normative nucleus; equality and freedom among its members. But it also presents notorious discontinuities in the institu-tional internal organization. Modern democracies are equally indebted to two traditions; on the one hand popular sovereignty, under the form of either direct democracy or republican mixed constitution, and innate subjective rights on the other. Democracy resolved the dilemmas that emerged from opposed interests through two ways: representation, which enables it to incorporate them in a reduced collegiate body, within which deliberation and consensus is possible, and also through the universal election of representatives and governors by pre-established periods of time. This institutional schema is dangerously falling apart due to domestic tensions within each nation, on the one hand, and the constriction coming from the globalized economy on the other.

Keywords : Democracy; rights; mixed constitution; representation; sovereignty; finance globalization.

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