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Eidos

On-line version ISSN 2011-7477

Abstract

FLORENCIA ZAYAS, María. Un extranjero en su propia tierra: Aristipo como modelo del Ápolisaristotélico. Eidos [online]. 2013, n.18, pp.124-147. ISSN 2011-7477.

The debates on Aristippus of Cyrene, whose happiness' conception puts pleasure in the center of the scene, questions the claims of those ethical nucleated under the epithet "eudemonists". Through the shift of happiness from the shrine of the goal, Aristippus reformulates the traditional ethical dimension: by the enkráteia's exercising -and far from falling into a subjective relativism- he tries to build an ethic based on an epistemological objectivity. We are going to demonstrate also that the self-sufficiency concept (autárkeia) -speaking in Aristotelian terms- of individual underlies the exercise of Cyrenaic enkráteia. It will face us inevitably to the Aristotelian concept of happiness (in close connection with the enkráteia's concept), which doesn't involve a notion of individual self-sufficiency, but rather it restricts the possibility of autárkeia to the pólis' self-sufficiency.

Keywords : Aristippus; happiness; goal; enkráteia; autárkeia; Aristotle; pólis.

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