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Revista EIA

Print version ISSN 1794-1237

Abstract

DIAZ, Christian Andrés et al. DESCRIPCIÓN DE UN DISPOSITIVO DESTINADO AL ANÁLISIS DE LA MARCHA EN DOS DIMENSIONES, CineMED. Rev.EIA.Esc.Ing.Antioq [online]. 2006, n.5, pp.85-92. ISSN 1794-1237.

This paper introduces a device for the gait kinematic analysis. It is based on videogrametry methods and image processing in order to record the human movement. It was used a digital camcorder, located to a distance of four meters from the person, capturing its gait in the sagital plane. Also, a kinematic model was developed of lower limbs; this model takes the position data of the bony landmarks and calculates the joint angle of the hip, knee and ankle, besides the pelvic tilt during gait. The identification and tracking of the points was carried out by a special reflective coated in the superficial markers. Later, it was designed and developed an algorithm in order to record and process the data gathered, through of the camcorder in the develop language C# .NET. The application developed captures and processes the video, tracking every marker in the frame, applies the kinematic model and shows the graph of the joint angle during gait. Finally, a protocol was designed and a test was carried out with a person in order to compare the data gathered for the software and the theoretical data described in the literature. In spite of the limitations of the system related to gait bidimensional analysis, articular curves very similar to those theoretical were obtained with commercial methods for the tridimensional movement analysis.

Keywords : Gait kinematic analysis; joint angle; biomechanics; videogravimetry.

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