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Revista EIA

Print version ISSN 1794-1237

Abstract

QUINCHIA, Adriana María; GOMEZ, Felipe Andrés; PALENCIA PENAGOS, Karol  and  GIRALDO LOPERA, Clara Eugenia. EVALUACIÓN DE LA RESISTENCIA DE UN AISLADO BACTERIANO NATIVO COMPATIBLE CON PSEUDOMONA SP. AL INSECTICIDA LORSBAN 4 EC. Rev.EIA.Esc.Ing.Antioq [online]. 2006, n.5, pp.101-108. ISSN 1794-1237.

The resistance of an isolated bacterial culture compatible with Pseudomona sp. to the insecticide Lorsban 4 EC (active ingredient Chlorpyrifos) was evaluated at laboratory scale. The bacterial culture was isolated from a soil sample obtained in East Antioquia that was exposed to the application of the insecticide which is used in grass culture. The principal factors that affect the mobility and adsorption of insecticides in soil were analyzed. The results showed a high percentage of organic matter, and macro and micronutrients as well as medium to high cationic capacity of exchange, which facilitates the adsorption of the pesticide in the colloidal fraction of organic and inorganic fraction. The sandy texture of the soil generates good aeration that favors the processes of volatilization and degradation of the pesticide. Isolated bacterial culture was exposed to different concentrations of the insecticide (480, 4,800, 24,000 and 48,000 ppm), to evaluate the effect of the agent on the bacterial population. According to the results of the tests, the native isolated bacterium compatible with Pseudomona sp. is resistant to the insecticide concentrations studied and possibly has the capacity to degrade the Lorsban 4 EC.

Keywords : Pseudomona sp.; Lorsban 4 EC; pesticides; bacterial culture.

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