Print version ISSN 1794-1237
The paper shows a study made about the bending process in a company, to define which factors have an effect on the dimensions (bending length and bending angle) of the metal pieces obtained. The study develops according to Design of Experiments methodology. For this study, four factors were considered (operator, bending machine, sheet material, sheet thickness) at two levels each factor. Levels were chosen at random from a variety of possible levels; two replicates were taken for each treatment combination. Experimental runs were made at random to ensure absence of systematic error in data obtaining. There were made 32 experimental runs representing 32 bending length data and 32 bending angle data with all possible combinations of factor levels. The data analysis shows that dimensions of bended pieces change. Relating the bending length, there are variability in levels of the factors Bending Machine and Thickness, and in the interaction Bending Machine*Operator. Considering bending angle, there are variability in levels of the factors Operator and Thickness and the interaction Operator*Thickness. In brief, bending process presents considerable variations that can be worrying when requiring great accuracy for a later assembly process.
Keywords : bending process; bending length; angle length; dimensions; Design of Experiments.