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Tabula Rasa

Print version ISSN 1794-2489


AMAYA COCUNUBO, IVÁN FERNANDO et al. Social Loneliness, Emotional Balance, and Dispositional Optimism in Elderly People Living or not in Institutions in the city of Bogotá. Tabula Rasa [online]. 2021, n.39, pp.303-320.  Epub Mar 31, 2022. ISSN 1794-2489.

This article aims to identify the level of social loneliness and its relation to affective balance and dispositional optimism within a group of elderly people institutionalized and non-institutionalized in the city of bogotá, during the lockdown in 2020. To do this, a quantitative-descriptive, co-relational design was applied to 242 elderly people: institutionalized (97) and non-institutionalized (145), within a range of 60 to 99 years of age from different districts and socioeconomic strata in bogotá. Participants were selected through a non-probability sampling. The analysis was conducted through a demographic study consisting of four items and scales East ii, to assess their degree of social loneliness; Spane, to measure the level of affective balance; and Lot-R, to gauge their degree of dispositional optimism. The corresponding tests in each scale were processed through a multivariate, descriptive, multiple correspondence analysis. Specifically, the Chi-square test was applied, and in the end, Cronbach’s Alpha was estimated. findings showed that institutionalized and non-institutionalized elderly people in the study show a medium to low level of social loneliness, and a high level of both affective balance and dispositional optimism. On the other hand, it showed that affective balance and dispositional optimism are directly related to the level of social loneliness.

Keywords : social loneliness; dispositional optimism; affective balance; elderly people.

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