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Revista Lasallista de Investigación

Print version ISSN 1794-4449

Abstract

ARAQUE SOLANO, Alex Smith. Regional configuration in Colombia 1993-2005. Rev. Lasallista Investig. [online]. 2015, vol.12, n.1, pp.221-253. ISSN 1794-4449.

The urban configuration in Colombia shows a certain imbalance that goes away from the normal heterogeneity of order. There are several approaches to explain the regional development in the country, which particularity is the unidimensionality of the focus. In this paper we collect aspects remarked in the literature on the issue, aiming to establish an inequality rate from structural factors. The multivariate analysis and the spatial data analysis are used. The first one allows the construction of the rate in two census periods, 1993 and 2005, when several and profound institutional transformations took place in Colombia, and the second allows the demonstration of the regional cohesion exhibited by means of the spatial association of the municipalities in ecah factor and in the aggregate. The results indicate that, at least, decentralization brought a significant change in the municipalities. The local efforts are important, but could be marginal when the place is not a center or when there is no adequate hierarchy. The regional infrastructure and the responsibility on the resources and the local management must be strengthened, because their contribution to the region´s situation is little. There is evidence of a weak regional cohesion and of a convergence process in this time and with this methodology.

Keywords : structurales Factors; multivariate; spatial; census periods; decentralization; infraestructure; resources; convergence.

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