Avances en Psicología Latinoamericana
versão impressa ISSN 1794-4724
INTROZZI, Isabel; LOPEZ-RAMON, Fernanda e URQUIJO, Sebastián. Mnesic performance and executive functions in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Av. Psicol. Latinoam. [online]. 2008, vol.26, n.2, pp. 242-251. ISSN 1794-4724.
The Episodic Memory (EM) and the Executive Functions (EF) are cognitive areas that are affected in patients with diagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Nowadays there exists scarce works destined to explore the influence of the EF on measures of mnesic performance in MS. For this reason, we analyze the effect of the EF on the performance in a set of memory measures. We worked with a clinical group (n=36) and with a control group (n=36) compared by age and educational level. The results show that the clinical group obtained significantly low average values in all the mnesic indexes (with exception of recognition) and in all the executive measures. All the executive indexes showed significant associations with some of the indexes of mnesic performance. These findings suggest that the problems in the episodic memory in EM patients could be analyzed as the manifestation of a global disorder that could be similar to the one that involves the EF.
Palavras-chave : episodic memory; executive functions; multiple sclerosis.