Avances en Psicología Latinoamericana
versión impresa ISSN 1794-4724
SABATIER, Clette; PALACIO SANUDO, Jorge Enrique y TOUSIGNANT, Michel. Impact of the political violence on mental health of young adolescents in Colombia. Analysis of risk and protective factors. Av. Psicol. Latinoam. [online]. 2010, vol.28, n.2, pp. 153-177. ISSN 1794-4724.
The aim of this research is to examine the mental health of young adolescents who have been displaced by political violence of Colombia within the integrated ecological model of trauma impact presented by Elbedour, ten Bensel and Bastien (1993). This framework stipulates the combined influence of several levels of factors linked to family affiliation and social aspects of family network. Two groups of young adolescents participated in this study, 48 were displaced by political violence (26 boys and 22 girls), 50 sedentary adolescents lived in extremely poor suburb of Barranquilla (26 boys and 24 girls). The mean age is 12.5 years old (sd= 2.18; min = 9; max = 16). Questionnaires have been chosen with regards to their use in a context of poverty and/or violence (Macksoud, 1992; Macksoud& Aber, 1996; Macksoud, Aber, Dyregrov, & Raundalen, 1990). Results show that displaced adolescents are more depressed and anxious than their sedentary peers. Anxiety is explained by the total indices of trauma events while depression is rather explained by the separation from parents. Social competencies and social environment appear as protective factors. Among the social factors, one finds the extended family unit and the inclusion of friends within the social network of the family. Overall, the family and the preservation of the family unit appear as crucial factors of mental health.
Palabras llave : political violence; displaced person; mental health; adolescents; Colombia.