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Earth Sciences Research Journal

Print version ISSN 1794-6190


FAZILOVA, Dilbarkhon  and  ARABOV, Obidjon. Vertical accuracy evaluation free access digital elevation models (DEMs): case Fergana Valley in Uzbekistán. Earth Sci. Res. J. [online]. 2023, vol.27, n.2, pp.85-91.  Epub Mar 22, 2024. ISSN 1794-6190.

In this study, the vertical accuracy of the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission Digital Elevation Model Versión 2.0 (SRTM30), the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer Global DEM Version 2.0 (ASTER GDEM2), and Advanced Land Observing Satellite World 3D Digital Surface Model Version 2.1 (ALOS AW3D30) was statistically assessed using GPS data. The Fergana Valley area was chosen as a study region, where the land surface can reflect tectonic processes. The values of ellipsoidal heights of 27 points of the regional GPS network were chosen as reference data. The geometric approach using GPS/leveling data and EGM96 global geopotential model-based geoid undulations was applied for geoid surface fitting. The geoid height corrections range ranged from -0.66 m to 0.87 m. Root-Mean-Square errors of ~10.0 m, ~16.4 m, and ~6.6 m was obtained for SRTM30, ASTER GDEM2, and ALOS AW3D30, respectively. It was found that compared with the reference model, all the global DEMs in mountainous areas generally overestimated elevation and the value of vertical ac-curacy at a 90% confidence level by 3-6 meters exceeded the declared by distributors. But ALOS AW3D30 proved to be the most accurate DEM that best represents the topography of the earth's surface and could be used for some engineering applications in Fergana Valley.

Keywords : open-source DEMs; vertical accuracy; SRTM; ASTER GDEM2;ALOS AWD3D30; GPS; geoid undulations.

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