Diversitas: Perspectivas en Psicología
Print version ISSN 1794-9998
ESPARZA, Natalia and RODRIGUEZ, María Clara. Contextúal factors of childhood development and its relation with anxiety and depression states. Diversitas [online]. 2009, vol.5, n.1, pp. 47-64. ISSN 1794-9998.
This research aims to identify the contextual factors associated with states of anxiety and depression in children attending school, rated by their teachers according to the observation of the child's behavior in multiple contexts. The multidimensional behavioral scale of Reynolds & Kamphaus (1992) that evaluate emotional and behavioral problems was applied along with stressors checking list (Jimenez y Castro, 2006) including physical environment, social relationships, academic requirements, evaluation interview and characterization to 254 children in school age between 6 an 11 years. Multivariate regression analysis shows that requirement academic factor is associated with anxiety states as well as social relationships and requirement academic related to depression states in children. Correlational analysis indicates a moderate relation between anxiety and depression.
Keywords : anxiety; depression; elementary school aged children; contextual factors.