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GAINETTE-PRATES, Luís Enrique; SOARE-DA-COSTA, Fernanda  and  GARCIA-TORRES, Ana Lúcia. Nutritional wasting and stunting among schoolchildren in Tabatinga, Amazonas, Brazil. Entramado [online]. 2015, vol.11, n.1, pp.288-300. ISSN 1900-3803.

This paper evaluated the prevalence of wasted and stunted, in scholars, from six to 11 years of age, of public schools of Tabatinga, Amazonas, Brazil. A cross-sectional study was performed, in which 340 children were evaluated using anthropometric data (weight and height). It was used the indexes height-for-age and weigh-for-age based on the score-z. The students with inferior height-for-age to -2 standard deviation were classified with wasted and those with inferior weight-for-age to -2 standard deviation, with stunted. The consumption energy and proteins it was evaluated through Questionnaire of Alimentary Frequency The family income, by economic classes, had as base the criteria of the Associação Brasileira de Empresas de Pesquisa. It was verified that 18 students (5.3%) they presented height-for-age below -2 standard deviation. However there were not students with weight-for-age below -2 standard deviation. Nor all the children with nutritional deficit were economically of classes vulnerable (C, D, E). Food consumption evidenced lack of healthy proteins and calories in the students' diet, being the principal determinant of the malnutrition in that population. There was no correlation between stunting and academic performance of students.

Keywords : Acute Malnutrition; Chronic Malnutrition; Food Consumption; Economic Classification; Academic Performance.

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