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CES Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia

On-line version ISSN 1900-9607


ARANGO GAVIRIA, Juliana et al. Morphological variation of characters of kikuyu grass ( Cenchrus clandestinus ) in the high tropics of Antioquia. Ces. Med. Vet. Zootec. [online]. 2017, vol.12, n.1, pp.44-52. ISSN 1900-9607.

The kikuyu grass (Cenchrus clandestinus) represents about 80% of the base of all the forage supply of specialized dairy country. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare some morphological characters in kikuyu grass populations located in the high tropics Antioqueño. 384 samples of plant material were collected in three areas of the department of Antioquia. For each sample width and length of the lamina, internode length, diameter internode, width node, width and length of the sheath it was established. In order to represent a two-dimensional geometric space in existing proximity between experimental units collected in different municipalities, an analysis of multidimensional scaling (MDS) it was performed. In addition the results were analyzed using generalized linear models (GLM) using each measure as dependiente variable. The municipality had a highly significant (p <0.01) on all measured morphological characters. For the characteristic diameter internodes, wide internodes, lamina and sheath; the days of rest and altitude, had a highly significant effect (p <0.01). Although a pattern of similarities between morphological characteristics were found, the effects included in the models were all statistically significant for each of these characters To establish better results that may be potential for future breeding programs is recommended to associate this information with studies diversity and genetic variation.

Keywords : cenchrus; ecotype; grasses.

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