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Luna Azul

Print version ISSN 1909-2474


LOPEZ BECERRA, Mario Hernán. PEACE EXPERIENCES IN BORDER CONFLICTS DUE TO WATER. Luna Azul [online]. 2009, n.28, pp.96-102. ISSN 1909-2474.

This document describes some international conflicts that are a consequence of the fight for shared hydrological resources, especially rivers located at international borders. It is a paradox that, despite the complex problems between bordering countries that negotiate through violence in conflicts of interests, many peace experiences emerge in reality in order to generate and maintain agreements concerning the use and access to water. These peace experiences can be called "imperfect peace experiences". The first part of the text presents a general context of recent international conflicts as a result of different interests regarding water-related topics. Secondly, a review of the environmental problems within the framework of current studies concerning peace is carried out. Finally, some of the peace experiences between countries in dispute over hydrological resources are introduced, reported by different organizations belonging to the United Nations, and are then ordered according to the model proposed by Francisco Muñoz, professor of the Universidad de Granada.

Keywords : Imperfect peace; shared hydrological resources; conflicts; environmental problems.

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