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Luna Azul

versión impresa ISSN 1909-2474

Resumen

ACEVEDO-OSORIO, Álvaro; ANGARITA LEITON, Arlex; LEON DURAN, Mónica Viviana  y  FRANCO QUIROGA, Karen Lorena. SUSTENTABILITY AND CLIMATE VARIABILITY: PARTICIPATORY AGROECOLOGYCAL ACTIONS TO ADAPTATION AND SOCIO-ECOLOGICAL REESILIENCE IN THE COLOMBIAN HIGH- ANDEAN REGION. Luna Azul [online]. 2017, n.44, pp.06-26. ISSN 1909-2474.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17151/luaz.2017.44.2.

Climate variability constitutes actually one of the main risks to agriculture and food security in the world. The most vulnerable ecosystems in Colombia are located in the high region of the Andeans where thousands of families farming lives from agriculture in small scale. The programs aimed to adapt the agriculture to climate variability do not take into account the local knowledge; neither motivates communities to action. This research proposed an analysis of the relationship between sustainability and agricultural adaptation to climate variability in a participatory way, recognizing the main risk factors to agriculture sustainability using indicators and analyzing the effectiveness of improving plans to the agricultural adaptation capacity in the high-Andeans. It was developed as a study case with 13 farmers linked to the Agro-ecological Farming Net Association of Subachoque. 3 phases were developed: a) the creation of a framework regarding the main the risks factors to the agriculture; b) sustainability appraisal based on own indicators and c) implementation of plans to increase the agricultural adaptation capacity. The appraisal developed in 2 different moments showed improving in the 9 indicators suggesting that the implementation of actions to the sustainability of farming positively influenced on the farms capacity to face the risks of the climate variability. The agro-ecological strategies implemented, improving the socio-ecological resilience of agro-ecosystems managed by family farmers, increasing the possibility that they better responding to any scenario of environmental change.

Palabras clave : Sustentability; agricultural adaptation; climate variability; agroecology.

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