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Entre Ciencia e Ingeniería

versão impressa ISSN 1909-8367


LEAL, J.F; LEON, M.M  e  SEPULVEDA, S.B. The Schottky diode as attenuator of the Seebeck effect on a Peltier cell for a PID temperature control. Entre Ciencia e Ingenieria [online]. 2015, vol.9, n.18, pp.75-83. ISSN 1909-8367.

Abstract A temperature and humidity control system using a PIC16F877A microcontroller was developed. The system uses a 25 kHz PWM signal to control a TEC1-12706 Peltier cell. On the other hand, we made an ON/OFF control on the ultrasonic humidifier in order to regulate the relative humidity. To control the temperature, a discrete PID controller by using ident and controller PID tools from Matlab software was designed. Besides, we analyzed the behavior of the Peltier cell when a PWM signal is applied to it; the conclusion was that the TEC112706 Peltier cell has a total thermoelectric performance of 33% and both, Seebeck and Peltier effects are present when PWM is used; it was determined that the Seebeck effect causes a significant degradation on the molecular bonds in the thermoelements of the Peltier cell; this undesirable effect reduces the lifetime of the cell to a few hours. However, we propose the 15SQ045 Schottky diode as an effective solution to mitigate the damages that the Seebeck effect may cause to the Peltier cell.

Palavras-chave : Peltier cell; PWM; Seebeck effect; PID control.

        · resumo em Espanhol     · texto em Espanhol     · Espanhol ( pdf )


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