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Revista Ingeniería Biomédica

versão impressa ISSN 1909-9762

Resumo

MONCADA ACEVEDO, María Elena; DE LA CRUZ SAAVEDRA, Jorge Armando  e  PINEDO JARAMILLO, Carlos Rafael. BIOELECTRIC FIELDS AND SOME MEDICAL APPLICATIONS - REVIEW. Rev. ing. biomed. [online]. 2011, vol.5, n.9, pp.50-59. ISSN 1909-9762.

The era of bioelectricity began with the investigations of Emil Du Bois-Reymond, one of the founders of electrophysiology. DuBois documented in detail electrical activities associated with nerve excitation, muscle contraction and healing processes. It is currently recognized that electric fields (EFs) are present in living organisms and that they direct and influence biological processes such as embryogenesis, regeneration and wound healing. Several studies have shown how EFs interfere with biosynthesis and cell migration, leading to new strategies for repairing ligaments and for tissue regeneration. At present, biological EFs and currents provide information needed for different types of diagnoses and treatments. This paper reviews some studies focused on the generation of endogenous bioelectric fields, their biological substrates and medical applications.

Palavras-chave : Bioelectricity; Electric fields; Electric stimulation; Wound healing.

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