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Print version ISSN 2011-0324


VIVAS PACHECO, Harvy. Development in 3D: The Keys on the Differences of the Quality of Life in the Regions. CS [online]. 2011, n.7, pp.195-222. ISSN 2011-0324.

The data for Colombia suggests that in municipalities still persist deep differences in the levels and space distribution of quality of life index (ICV). This article explores the main factors in the explanation of these differences according with the approach of the New Economic Geography (NEG ). This study focuses on the regions with the largest precence of black population and uses information available for 1059 municipalities of Colombia's population Census of 2005. Using univariant and multivariants spatial econometric techniques, this study identifies the presence of clusters of high and low quality of life. Results show that distance, the rate of urbanization and the concentration level of the black population allow to explain the spatial differences in the quality of life conditions. The estimation of the spatial econometrics models suggest than the rate of urbanization (proxy of the economic market size) affects positively the quality of life level (ICV). Additionally the spatial distribution of the black population and the distance to the main markets indicate a negative and statistically significant relation with the ICV.

Keywords : Spatial Econometrics; Quality of life Clusters; Economic integration.

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