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CS

versión impresa ISSN 2011-0324

Resumen

MENDEZ, DIANA MARCELA. The impact of Economic liberalization on Gender equality in Colombia. CS [online]. 2015, n.15, pp.142-171. ISSN 2011-0324.  http://dx.doi.org/10.18046/recs.i15.1963.

This paper aims to analyze the impact of the economic liberalization on the performance of gender equality indicators in Colombia. The examination includes multiple dimensions such as access to labor market, schooling, health services and political participation. As a resource it was used the database of the United Nations, as well as the statistics of some Colombian government entities. The results indicate that the opening to foreign markets brought new opportunities for women to participate in the labor market and to improve their educational levels. However, they are still victims of gender disparities, which are manifested in terms of income and employment quality. Women have lower wages than men and are more likely to work in the less productive sectors. Educational level and economic autonomy are strongly correlated with health conditions, domestic violence and women's empowerment. Less educated women have higher fertility and mortality rates, are more vulnerable to domestic violence and continue to have low participation in political parties. Most of the causes of this situation are associated to roles, abilities and skills related to gender. In spite of several policies, there is a considerable necessity of structural changes to fulfill the targets.

Palabras clave : Economic liberalization; employment; gender equality indicators; women.

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