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Universitas Medica

versão impressa ISSN 0041-9095
versão On-line ISSN 2011-0839


MENDEZ FANDINO, Yardany Rafael et al. Comparison of the Socioeconomic Factors and Diagnostic Test between Pulmonary Tuberculosis (PTB) and Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis (ETB) in Boyacá (Colombia), in 2015. Univ. Med. [online]. 2018, vol.59, n.4, pp.9-16. ISSN 0041-9095.


Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by Micobacterium tuberculosis. It usually affects the lungs, but can also affect other systems. The objective of this study was to make a comparison of the socioeconomic factors and diagnostic test between pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) and extrapulmonary tuberculosis (ETB) in Boyacá (Colombia) in 2015.


A retrospective analytical observational study was conducted on the data provided by the Boyacá Department of Health about the TB possible cases reported in the SIVIGILA system. 103 TB possible cases were selected, then these cases were divided in accordance with the TB type in two groups, PTB and ETB. Duplicated data were excluded.


The highest number of isolates was of PTB. With regard to the ETB group, they required more medical attention, and the most frequent isolates were meningeal, pleural and osteoarticular. In addition, undernourishment was related with PTB.


The creation of new social, cultural and economic approaches against the TB dissemination becomes a primary point for the control of this disease.

Palavras-chave : tuberculosis; risk factors; diagnosis.

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