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Universitas Medica

versão impressa ISSN 0041-9095versão On-line ISSN 2011-0839


VILLANUEVA CONGOTE, Juliana et al. Mental Health in the Attention Models for Juvenile Offenders. The Cases of Colombia, Argentina, United States and Canada. Univ. Med. [online]. 2018, vol.59, n.4, pp.17-33. ISSN 0041-9095.


To investigate how mental health is understood and approached in the attention models of detention centers for the convicted underage population in Argentina, Colombia, United States and Canada.


A literature search was conducted using the following key words: adolescence, mental health, juvenile justice, juvenile delinquency, risk factors, and interventions. Searches were done through the search engine Pubmed. Additionally, public institution websites for each country were consulted.


Juvenile delinquency is now understood as a multi-factorial phenomenon with multiple areas of intervention within which economic, domestic and social factors are considered relevant, since these favor the development of criminal behavior. A similarity was found between Colombian and Argentinian systems; both are based on restorative justice that seeks reparation and not punishment; which is why there are no punitive measures. When comparing Canada and the United States, it can be seen that Canada is more similar to Latin-American countries than to the United States, given that the latter uses punitive measures focused on the offender.

Palavras-chave : adolescence; mental health; juvenile justice; juvenile delinquency; risk factors; and interventions.

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