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Universitas Medica

versão impressa ISSN 0041-9095
versão On-line ISSN 2011-0839

Resumo

VILLANUEVA CONGOTE, Juliana et al. Mental Health in the Attention Models for Juvenile Offenders. The Cases of Colombia, Argentina, United States and Canada. Univ. Med. [online]. 2018, vol.59, n.4, pp.17-33. ISSN 0041-9095.  http://dx.doi.org/10.11144/javeriana.umed59-4.infr.

Objective:

To investigate how mental health is understood and approached in the attention models of detention centers for the convicted underage population in Argentina, Colombia, United States and Canada.

Methodology:

A literature search was conducted using the following key words: adolescence, mental health, juvenile justice, juvenile delinquency, risk factors, and interventions. Searches were done through the search engine Pubmed. Additionally, public institution websites for each country were consulted.

Conclusions:

Juvenile delinquency is now understood as a multi-factorial phenomenon with multiple areas of intervention within which economic, domestic and social factors are considered relevant, since these favor the development of criminal behavior. A similarity was found between Colombian and Argentinian systems; both are based on restorative justice that seeks reparation and not punishment; which is why there are no punitive measures. When comparing Canada and the United States, it can be seen that Canada is more similar to Latin-American countries than to the United States, given that the latter uses punitive measures focused on the offender.

Palavras-chave : adolescence; mental health; juvenile justice; juvenile delinquency; risk factors; and interventions.

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