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Universitas Medica

versão impressa ISSN 0041-9095versão On-line ISSN 2011-0839


MARTINEZ-VERNAZA, Samuel; MCKINLEY, Estefanía; SOTO, María Juliana  e  GUALTERO, Sandra. Community-Acquired Pneumonia: A Review of the Literature. Univ. Med. [online]. 2018, vol.59, n.4, pp.93-102. ISSN 0041-9095.

Community acquired pneumonia (CAP) is one of the first mortality causes in Colombia it accounts for 13 of every 100,000 deaths per year. Its principal etiologic agent is still Streptococcus pneumoniae, followed by Haemophilus influenzae and Staphylococcus aureus. Several risk factors have been described for CAP and specific pathoghens, such as coomorbidities and exposition factors. Diagnosis is made by clinical findings associated to laboratory workup and radiological evidence. CURB-65 and PSI are the most known and used tools that, in association with clinical evaluation, calculate the mortality risk and evaluate the setting of management. This literature review aims to consider crucial aspects for the correct assessment of CAP patients, biomarkers used in CAP, particular situations such as severe CAP as well as prevention strategies.

Palavras-chave : pneumonia; bacterial pneumonia; biomarkers; severity of illness index; risk factors; treatment.

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