SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.62 número1Procedural Sedation in the Emergency DepartmentGenesis and Evolution of Hip Arthroplasty índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Serviços Personalizados




Links relacionados

  • Em processo de indexaçãoCitado por Google
  • Não possue artigos similaresSimilares em SciELO
  • Em processo de indexaçãoSimilares em Google


Universitas Medica

versão impressa ISSN 0041-9095versão On-line ISSN 2011-0839


RODRIGUEZ LUGO, Diego Andrés et al. Xpert MTB/RIF Ultra: Innovation for Diagnosis of Tuberculosis. Univ. Med. [online]. 2021, vol.62, n.1, pp.46-60.  Epub 15-Jan-2021. ISSN 0041-9095.

Tuberculosis (TB) is and infectious disease with a high mortality and is a great challenge for public health worldwide. Among the problems for its eradication, diagnosis represents a major challenge, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. The Xpert MTB/RIF is an automated molecular test; it yields a rapid diagnosis and screens for the presence of rifampin resistance, permitting an early and efficient treatment. However, it has a low sensitivity in patients with paucibacillary disease, and false positives for rifampin resistance and TB in patients with past medical history of TB have been reported. This is the reason why Xpert MTB/RIF Ultra was developed, which has an improved sensitivity for the diagnosis of tuberculosis, especially in paucibacillary cases, and a decrease in false positives for rifampicin resistance; nowadays it is the most recommended molecular test by the World Health Ornanization (WHO), hoping to reduce the time to diagnosis and treatment. This review article analyzes the challenges of improving the diagnosis of tuberculosis, the characteristics and performance of Xpert MTB/RIF and Xpert MTB/RIF Ultra for pulmonary and extrapulmonary forms and for the detection of rifampicin resistance.

Palavras-chave : tuberculosis; tuberculosis, pulmonary; molecular diagnostic techniques; rifampin.

        · resumo em Espanhol     · texto em Espanhol     · Espanhol ( pdf )