SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.19 issue2Gastrointestinal stromal tumors: current management and report of six casesResection of the caudate lobe: Case report and review of surgical techniques author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google


Revista Colombiana de Cirugía

Print version ISSN 2011-7582On-line version ISSN 2619-6107


RUGELES, Saúl; CASTRO, José Félix  and  BORRERO, Álvaro José. Errors in health care, pilot study for the design of more secure processes at san Ignacio University Hospital. rev. colomb. cir. [online]. 2004, vol.19, n.2, pp.126-132. ISSN 2011-7582.

The literature indicates that the incidence of adverse effects occurring in hospitals is 3,7%, of which 27,6% would be the result of an error, 2,6% caused permanent incapacity and 13% were lethal, with an estimated annual cost 20 to 30 billions US dollars. We have designed a four-phase study, to initiate the search for errors and their systematic prevention in our department. and hereby present the final results of the firs phase. 37% of medical records presented one or more errors, with a total of 59 identified errors (average of 1.6 errors per chart). In 65 records (charts) in which there were no identifiable errors, the most frequent diagnosis was acute appendicitis (35%). Diagnosis in charts that exhibited errors were more varied and correspond to low-incidence entities. Regarding the type of error, the majority fell in the non-classifiable category: “registry error” (37%), followed by diagnostic errors (29%: 17/59), therapeutic errors (22%; 13/59) and preventive errors (12%: 7/59). There is an inverse relationship between the frequency and the familiarity of doctors with certain types of pathology and the occurrence of errors, and the committed error may lead to the occurrence of ulterior errors. There are specific associations between the type of error and the location where it occurs. There are specific associations among the different types of errors, which had not been described before.

Keywords : adverse effect; preventive adverse effect; security.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License