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Revista Colombiana de Cirugía

versão impressa ISSN 2011-7582
versão On-line ISSN 2619-6107

Resumo

ORDONEZ, Carlos Alberto et al. Clinical evolution of severe peritonitis in critically ill patients that underwent deferred primary closure. rev. colomb. cir. [online]. 2008, vol.23, n.1, pp.22-30. ISSN 2011-7582.

Introduction. Primary anastomosis is a feasible technique in the management of severe secondary peritonitis in critically ill patients; however, its use has been limited due to the risk of complications and death. Materials and methods. We selected patients with severe secondary peritonitis that required resection of an intestinal segment and managed with temporary intestinal ligature, open abdomen, elective repeat laparotomies, and ulterior deferred primary anastomosis. Primordial success was labeled in those patients that had primary anastomosis and no leakage or fistulae. Results. Twenty six patients were included in the study, with a mean APACHE II score of 15.3. There were 6 anastomoses in the small bowel, 5 in the large bowel, 4 of the ileum to the large bowel, and in 3 patients an anastomosis could not be performed. A mean of 4 scheduled relaparotomies were registered, starting 24 hours after the anastomosis. Primordial success was achieved in 20 patients (77%), 28-day survival was 88.3%; 23 patients left the hospital alive, and only 3 (11.5%) died in the ICU; these deaths were independent of the procedure. Discussion. Damage control surgery was feasible and secure in patients with severe secondary peritonitis, with a primary success rate of 77%; fistulae developed in 11.5%, and mortality was 11.5%.

Palavras-chave : peritonitis; clinical evolution; mortality; laparotomy; suture techniques.

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