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Historia y MEMORIA

Print version ISSN 2027-5137

Abstract

PAGES, Joan  and  MAROLLA, Jesús. Recent history in the school curricula of Argentina, Chile and Colombia. Challenges of citizenship education from Didactics to the Social Sciences. Hist.mem. [online]. 2018, n.17, pp.153-184. ISSN 2027-5137.  http://dx.doi.org/10.19053/20275137.n17.2018.7455.

This article presents a comparative study of the curricula of Chile, Argentina and Colombia, regarding the treatment given to historical memory. The methodology used is qualitative. The use of analytical tools has allowed for the codification of content; the omissions as well as the objectives proposed in the curricula regarding contemporary history. Among the main results, it can be highlighted that the programs of the three countries coincide in including the recent past as well as topics related to human rights, the dictatorships and political violence. However, their incorporation is carried out from the official perspective of the government, without problematizing the processes, while promoting aspects related to «national reconciliation». This situation impedes the creation of a space for the criticism of, and reflection on, the events that have taken place and the possibilities of citizens to participate in the protection of human rights.

Keywords : Memory; contemporary history; curriculum; Latin America.

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