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Revista de Investigación, Desarrollo e Innovación

versão impressa ISSN 2027-8306
versão On-line ISSN 2389-9417

Resumo

TIMARAN-PEREIRA, Ricardo; CAICEDO-ZAMBRANO, Javier  e  HIDALGO-TROYA, Arsenio. Decision trees for predicting factors associated with academic performance of high school students in Saber 11 tests. Revista Investig. Desarro. Innov. [online]. 2019, vol.9, n.2, pp.363-378. ISSN 2027-8306.  http://dx.doi.org/10.19053/20278306.v9.n2.2019.9184.

This article is obtained by applying the classification model based on decision trees in order to detect factors associated with the academic performance of Colombian eleven grade students, who presented the Saber 11 tests in 2015 and 2016. The research was of a descriptive type under the quantitative approach, applying a non-experimental design. Following the CRISP-DM methodology, the socio-economic, academic and institutional information of these students was selected from the ICFES databases. A data repository was built, cleaned and transformed and, using the WEKA data mining tool, decision trees were generated that allowed the identification of patterns associated with the good or poor academic performance of the students in the Saber 11 tests. The patterns discovered will help in the decision-making processes of the Ministerio de Educación Nacional, together with institutions that ensure the quality of education in Colombia.

Palavras-chave : data mining; associated patterns; academic performance; Saber 11 tests; decision trees.

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