SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.12 issue2Pain in older adults over the age of 80: Characteristics, impacts and coping strategiesCaregiving Competence and Social Support in Caregivers in Norte de Santander, Colombia: A Comparative Perspective author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google


Revista Cuidarte

Print version ISSN 2216-0973On-line version ISSN 2346-3414


PENHA, Jaiza Sousa et al. Breast Pain in Breastfeeding Mothers. Prevalence and Associated Factors. Rev Cuid [online]. 2021, vol.12, n.2, e1325.  Epub Oct 01, 2021. ISSN 2216-0973.


While breastfeeding benefits have been widely recognized by science, early weaning continues to happen as a situation that is associated with multiple causes, including breast problems, which can hinder or even interrupt lactation.


To estimate the prevalence of breast pain and associated factors for breastfeeding mothers who are users of a breast milk bank.

Materials and Methods

A cross-sectional study was conducted based on secondary data collected through specialized healthcare activity records at the Human Milk Bank of the University Hospital of the Federal University of Maranhão (HU-UFMA) between January 2017 and December 2018. Data were collected through a questionnaire between September and November 2019 subsequently entered into a table in an Excel spreadsheet to be analyzed using Stata 14. Pearson's chi-squared test was used and a significance level of 0.05 was followed. The research was approved by the Research Ethics Committee through Plataforma Brasil under approval number 16782719.8.0000.5086.


Sociodemographic and obstetric variables of breastfeeding mothers were analyzed, showing a prevalence of self-reported breast pain in 20.7% of the cases. A statistically significant association was found between variables "marital status" and "type of childbirth delivery".


Although the prevalence of breast pain is relatively low, guidance on breastfeeding should be given to pregnant mothers to avoid it. Therefore, it was evident the lack of these orientations at the prenatal level, especially in private healthcare services where nursing care protocol do not exist.

Keywords : Breast feeding; Pain; Prevalence; Milk banks; Nursing.

        · abstract in Portuguese | Spanish     · text in Portuguese     · Portuguese ( pdf )