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Revista Cuidarte

Print version ISSN 2216-0973On-line version ISSN 2346-3414


SANTOS, Isleide Santana Cardoso et al. Factors associated with metabolic syndrome and quality of life of adults in a northeast brazilian municipality. Rev Cuid [online]. 2021, vol.12, n.2, e1678.  Epub Oct 01, 2021. ISSN 2216-0973.


Metabolic Syndrome (MS) is currently considered a multi-factorial disease related to the asymptomatic, insidious, and deleterious inflammation that predisposes the individual to vulnerability by aggregating cardiovascular risk markers.


to analyze the factors associated with Metabolic Syndrome and Quality of Life (QOL) in adult users of a health unit.

Material and Methods

a cross-sectional study carried out with 108 adult users. Data collection was performed using a sociodemographic, clinical, and metabolic structured questionnaire and The Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) questionnaire. For the diagnosis of Metabolic Syndrome, the following criteria were used: increased abdominal circumference and arterial hypertension, diabetes, hypertriglyceridemia, and low HDL-cholesterol. Statistical analysis was performed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) 21.0 software.


Metabolic Syndrome was identified in 88.0% of the adults. Of this total of users evaluated with the syndrome, 87.4% of the individuals were female; 71.7% had diabetes; 87.0% had arterial hypertension; sedentary lifestyle was identified in 53.7%. In the assessment of the BMI, overweight and obesity predominated in 68.4% and 24.9%, respectively. The domains with the lowest quality of life scores were General Health and Vitality.


The study made it possible to identify the Metabolic Syndrome in most of the adults evaluated. There was a low perception of quality of life among adults in all domains, except for physical aspects and vitality. Thus, there is a need for surveillance and health education for the studied population and improvement of their quality of life.

Keywords : Metabolic Syndrome; Quality of life; Diabetes; Hypertension; Obesity; Dyslipidemia.

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