SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.12 issue2Cardiovascular Risk and Factors Associated to the Health in Hypertensive African Descent People Resident in Quilombola CommunitySymptom Cluster among Patients with Advanced Heart Failure: A Systematic Review author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google


Revista Cuidarte

Print version ISSN 2216-0973On-line version ISSN 2346-3414


ALENCAR, Nadyelle Elias Santos; LIMA, Francisca Fabiana Fernandes; GOUVEIA, Marcia Teles de Oliveira  and  SILVA, Grazielle Roberta Freitas da. Fake News on Coronavirus in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Documentary Analysis. Rev Cuid [online]. 2021, vol.12, n.2, e1297.  Epub Oct 01, 2021. ISSN 2216-0973.


Infodemic, defined as a high flow of information, has a similar behavior to that of viruses, as it quickly spreads from person to person, which represents a new challenge for healthcare authorities. The objective is to analyze fake news published in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Materials and Methods

A documentary research was conducted based on the Brazilian Ministry of Health news website titled "Health without fake news". Coronavirus and COVID-19 were the keywords used to identify news published between December 2019 and March 2020. For data visualization, the content analysis approach developed by Bardin was applied.


66 publications with a total of 92 fake news were identified. The analysis found common characteristics among fake news such as the use of flashy headlines and images, alarming data and circular diffusion. In addition, social networks emerged as an important means of diffusion in which, in order to give a sense of truthfulness to news, it was common to attribute the authorship of fake news to healthcare organizations or professionals. News articles were classified into six thematic groups in which prevention methods (32.6%) and natural history of the disease (28.2%) were the most common topics.


There is growing interest in topics related to the diffusion of information about coronavirus. Global research points out the importance of identifying and combating fake news by government and healthcare agencies.


Fake news related to coronavirus poses a threat to individual and collective health, addresses a variety of issues and carries potential harm to physical and mental health.

Keywords : Coronavirus; Pandemics; Health Education; News; Information Dissemination.

        · abstract in Portuguese | Spanish     · text in Portuguese     · Portuguese ( pdf )