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Revista Cuidarte

Print version ISSN 2216-0973On-line version ISSN 2346-3414


FERREIRA, Ricardo Bruno Santos  and  CAMARGO, Climene Laura de. Vulnerability of the Black Population in Brazil to the Evolution of the COVID-19 Pandemic. Rev Cuid [online]. 2021, vol.12, n.2, e1322.  Epub Oct 01, 2021. ISSN 2216-0973.


Due to the historical inequality, the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted social groups differently, which calls for special assistance to ethnic-racial minorities living in a situation of vulnerability. In light of this, this study is aimed to analyze the vulnerability of the black population in Brazil to the evolution of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Materials and Methods

A quantitative descriptive study following a documentary method was conducted based on the coronavirus disease epidemiological bulletins published by the Brazilian Ministry of Health. Two variables were assessed from epidemiological bulletins regarding race/color: hospitalizations for severe acute respiratory syndrome and deaths due to COVID-19.


A steady increase in rates of hospitalization for severe acute respiratory syndrome (from 23.9% to 54.7%) and death (from 34.3% to 61.3%) was observed among the black population in bulletins 9-18, contrary to the steady decrease in rates of hospitalization (from 73% to 43.3%) and death (from 6.29% to 36.5%) among the white people. It was also found that black people are more likely to be hospitalized for SARS infection and death due to COVID-19 in Brazil, suggesting that they are at a higher vulnerability.


This unfavorable scenario for the black population is considered to arise from the difficulty or impossibility of social integration, the prevalence of comorbidities that trigger severe COVID-19 forms, difficulties in accessing healthcare services and institutional racism.


The implementation of a social protection network is necessary to reduce the disease infection and the mortality of the virus.

Keywords : Betacoronavirus; African Continental Ancestry Group; Racism.

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