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Biota colombiana

versão impressa ISSN 0124-5376
versão On-line ISSN 2539-200X

Biota colombiana vol.21 no.1 Bogotá jan./jun. 2020

http://dx.doi.org/10.21068/c2020.v21n01a04 

Articles

Herpetofauna from two municipalities of southwestern Colombia

Herpetofauna de dos municipios del suroeste de Colombia

0000-0002-8492-2672María Alejandra Pinto-Erazo*  , 0000-0002-3602-013XMartha Lucía Calderón Espinosa**  , 0000-0002-9609-590XGuido Fabian Medina Rangel***  , 0000-0002-2391-1144Miguel Ángel Méndez Galeano**** 

* Universidad Nacional de Colombia Bogotá, Colombia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8492-2672 mapintoe@unal.edu.co

** Universidad Nacional de Colombia Bogotá, Colombia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3602-013X mlcalderone@unal.edu.co

*** Universidad Nacional de Colombia Bogotá, Colombia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9609-590X guidofabianmedina@gmail.com

**** Universidad Nacional de Colombia Bogotá, Colombia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2391-1144 miamendezga@unal.edu.co

Abstract

We present a preliminary list of the herpetofauna of Tumaco and Francisco Pizarro municipalities, department of Nariño, Colombia, located in the south of the Chocó biogeographic region, based on field data and on museum collection databases and literature. We recorded 25 species of amphibians and 55 reptiles. The most species-rich families were Hylidae and Craugastoridae for amphibians, and Colubridae and Dactyloidae for reptiles, a pattern similar to that observed on a global scale. Two new species records for Colombia are presented -Pristimantis walkeri and Scinax tsachila, as well as range extensions for Allobates talamancae, Anolis auratus, Dendropsophus ebraccatus, Gonatodes albogularis and Scinax sugillatus. Species accumulation curves and sampling coverage reveal that more field studies are needed for complementing this list, especially studies using methodologies focused on aquatic and fossorial species, and that there could be an effect of deforestation on the diversity of the herpetofauna, which concurs with the lack of canopy amphibians and the exclusive presence of species associated with leaf litter or forest interior in the locations with best plant coverage.

Key words: Amphibians; Checklist; Chocó biogeographic region; Reptiles; Species richness

Resumen

Se presenta un listado preliminar de la herpetofauna de los municipios de Tumaco y Francisco Pizarro, departamento de Nariño, Colombia, ubicados al sur del Chocó biogeográfico, basado en datos de campo y búsquedas en base de datos y literatura. Registramos 25 especies de anfibios y 55 de reptiles, siendo las familias Hylidae y Craugastoridae (anfibios) y las familias Colubridae y Dactyloidae (reptiles) las de mayor riqueza, patrón similar al observado a escala global. Se reportan dos nuevos registros de especies para Colombia (Pristimantis walkeri y Scinax tsachila), así como extensiones de distribución geográfica (Allobates talamancae, Anolis auratus, Dendropsophus ebraccatus, Gonatodes albogularis y Scinax sugillatus). Las curvas de acumulación de especies y la cobertura de muestreo revelan que se necesitan más estudios de campo para complementar esta lista, especialmente los estudios que utilizan metodologías enfocadas en especies acuáticas y fosoriales, y que podría haber un efecto de la deforestación en la diversidad de la herpetofauna, lo cual concuerda con la falta de anfibios de dosel y la presencia exclusiva de especies asociadas a la hojarasca o al interior del bosque en las localidades con mejor cobertura vegetal.

Palabras-clave: Anfibios; Chocó biogeográfico; Listado de especies; Reptiles; Riqueza y representatividad

Introduction

Nearly 8007 species of amphibians and about 10 793 species of reptiles are recognized worldwide, and of these, 828 amphibians and 618 reptiles are distributed in Colombia (Acosta-Galvis, 2019; AmphibiaWeb, 2019; Frost, 2019; Uetz et al., 2019). In 2004, 139 species of amphibians and 188 species of reptiles were known to occur in the Choco biogeographic region of Colombia (Castaño-Mora et al., 2004; Lynch & Suárez-Mayorga, 2004). However, since 2005, the number of amphibians and reptiles recorded has increased substantially for this region to 157 amphibians and 215 reptiles (Ayerbe-González & López-López, 2005; Heyer, 2005; Passos et al., 2009; Poe et al., 2009; Rengifo & Rentería-Moreno, 2011; Cadle, 2012; Grant & Myers, 2013; Palacios-Rodríguez et al., 2013a, 2013b; Jaramillo-Martínez et al., 2015; Ospina-Sarria et al., 2015; Sánchez-Pacheco et al., 2016; Márquez et al., 2017; Angarita-Sierra & Lynch, 2017; Grant et al., 2017; Rada et al., 2017; Medina-Rangel et al., 2018a, 2018b; Pinto-Erazo & Medina-Rangel, 2018, Grisales-Martínez & Rendón-Valencia, 2019) representing ca. 19 % and 35 % of the richness of Colombian amphibians and reptiles, respectively.

According to Lynch & Suárez-Mayorga (2004), the northern Chocó of Colombia harbors the greatest richness of amphibians in this biogeographic region, and the reduced richness in southern Chocó (in Cauca and Nariño departments) is perhaps a consequence of the few available records in museum collections, and inventory publications. Particularly for Nariño, there are two published species list of amphibians and reptiles from the lowlands (Salaman, 1994; Mueses-Cisneros & Moreno-Quintero, 2012). Likewise, the species descriptions and range extensions are fewer for this department (ca. 15 publications) in comparison with the northern portion of the colombian Choco biogeographic region (>30 publications) (Acosta-Galvis, 2019; Amphibiaweb, 2019; Frost, 2019; Uetz et al., 2019).

Here we present a preliminary list and a diversity study of the amphibian and reptile fauna of the municipalities of Tumaco and Francisco Pizarro, department of Nariño, Colombia, based on field work, museum records and biodiversity databases, for characterizing and documenting the amphibians and reptiles from southwestern Colombia.

Materials and methods

Study area.

Fieldwork was carried out in the municipalities of Tumaco and Francisco Pizarro, Nariño, Colombia (Figure 1). Four localities were sampled in Tumaco (numbers 1-4 in Table 1) and five localities in Francisco Pizarro (numbers 5-9 in Table 1).

Figure 1 Sampling sites for herpetofauna in Tumaco (1-4) and Francisco Pizarro (5-9), Nariño, Colombia. 

Table 1 Localities sampled for herpetofauna in Tumaco (1-4) and Francisco Pizarro (5-9), Nariño, Colombia. 

# Site Sites of sampling Latitude Longitude
1 Dirección General Marítima station (DIMAR) 1°49´25.82´´N 78°43´35.90´´W
2 Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (CORPOICA) 1°32´39´´N 78°41´53´´W
3 Mar Agrícola station 1°40´42.89´´N 78°45´17.96´´W
4 Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Sede Tumaco 1°36´22.10´´N 78°43´48.16´´W
5 Empresa embotelladora de Agua and El Palmichal 2°01´54.94´´N 78°39´03.83´´W
6 La Primavera farm 2°02´27.48´´N 78°39´13.04´´W
7 Neighborhood of the sanitary landfill 2°02´46.16´´N 78°38´55.27´´W
8 Isla del Gallo 1°58´30.09´´N 78°39´54.66´´W
9 Bosque del Acueducto 2°02´13.21´´N 78°38´24.59´´W

Sampling methods. We visited the municipality of Tumaco four times: 5-14 March, and 6-14 September, 2015; 29 February-9 March, and 5-12 September, 2016; and the municipality of Francisco Pizarro during 15-16 September, 2015; 1-9 March, and 3-4 September, 2016. We captured amphibians and reptiles through active searching in both Franciso Pizarro and Tumaco, and only in Tumaco did we use pitfall traps with drift fences, which were installed in a “Y” array with four buckets at the end of fences and were checked every other day (Crosswhite, 1999). Active searching was carried out during the day (09:00-12:00 h) and during the night (18:00-21:00 h) using the VES (Visual Encounter Survey) methodology, for a total sampling effort of 1604 hours.person-1.

Collected specimens were euthanized with 2 % xylocaine, fixed in 10 % formaldehyde and preserved in 70 % ethanol (Pisani, 1973). Photographs and description of the coloration patterns were recorded for every individual. Additionally, the specimens were identified using Ayala & Castro (unpublished document), Peters & Orejas-Miranda (1970), Lynch (1976), Pérez-Santos & Moreno (1988), Campbell & Lamar (2004), Passos et al. (2009), MECN (2010), Harvey et al. (2012) and Arteaga et al. (2016).

We followed Frost (2019) and Uetz et al. (2019) as classification systems for amphibian and reptiles, respectively. All specimens were deposited in the amphibian and reptile collections of the Instituto de Ciencias Naturales (ICN), Universidad Nacional de Colombia (Appendix 1).

Database searching. To complement the species list we consulted the databases of GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility), SIB (Biodiversity Information System of Colombia) and the biological collections of the Instituto de Ciencias Naturales. Additional information was obtained from Castaño-Mora et al. (2004) and Lynch & Suárez-Mayorga (2004).

Data analysis. By means of a rarefaction and an extrapolation curve (Chao et al., 2014), we estimated the species richness of amphibians and reptiles in the study area. The percentage of completeness (CM %) achieved by our inventory was estimated through sampling coverage curves, and the additional coverage that would be needed to reach the maximum number of species was also estimated. This analysis estimates the proportion of the total number of individuals in a community belonging to a species sampled (Chao & Jost, 2012). We used the iNEXT R package (Hsieh et al., 2016) with 1000 bootstraps to create 95 % confidence interval (CI).

Results

During fieldwork we recorded 1392 specimens of 68 species: 23 species of amphibians (991 individuals) and 46 species of reptiles (401 individuals). Amphibian species with the highest abundance were Epipedobates boulengeri (380), Scinax tsachila (131) and Rhinella horribilis (103). For reptiles, Basiliscus galeritus (74), Holcosus bridgesii (45), Anolis auratus (37), Dipsas gracilis (28) and Sibon nebulatus (24) were the most abundant species (Appendix 1). With the addition of the information obtained in databases and literature, species richness increases to 25 amphibians and 55 reptiles for both localities (Appendix 1, Figure 2 and 3). Amphibians are represented by 11 families and 18 genera in the orders Anura, Caudata, and Gymnophiona, and reptiles by 21 families and 24 genera in the orders Squamata (suborders Sauria and Serpentes), Testudines and Crocodylia.

The figures of amphibians and reptiles in Tumaco and Francisco Pizarro represent 16 % of the amphibians and 26 % of the reptiles recorded for the Chocó biogeographic region, and 3 % of the amphibians and 9 % of the reptiles recorded for Colombia (Castaño-Mora et al., 2004; Lynch & Suárez-Mayorga, 2004).

Photographs: Guido F. Medina-Rangel (B, E, F, G, J, K), María José Espejo (A, C, H, I) and Javier Ardila (D).

Figure 2 Some of the amphibian species reported in Tumaco and Francisco Pizarro, Nariño, Colombia. A, Boana pellucens; B, Boana rosenbergi; C, Cochranella litoralis; D, Craugastor longirostris; E, Epipedobates boulengeri; F, Oophaga sylvatica; G, Pristimantis walkeri; H, Scinax tsachila; I, Trachycephalus jordani; J, Bolitoglossa biseriata; K, Caecilia guntheri. 

Photographs: Guido F. Medina-Rangel (B, D, G, J, K), Javier Ardila (C), María José Espejo (A, E, I), Martha Calderón (H) and María Alejandra Pinto-Erazo (F).

Figure 3 Some of the reptile species reported in Tumaco and Francisco Pizarro, Nariño, Colombia. A, Anolis festae; B, Anolis maculiventris; C, Anolis parvauritus; D, Diploglossus monotropis; E, Holcosus bridgesii; F, Ptychoglossus gorgonae; G, Erythrolamprus epinephelus; H, Imantodes inornatus; I, Trachyboa boulengeri; J, Rhinoclemmys melanosterna; K, Caiman crocodilus. 

The amphibian families Hylidae (7 spp., 29 %) and Craugastoridae (4 spp., 17 %) had the highest diversity. In contrast, the families Aromobatidae, Centrolenidae, Eleutherodactylidae, Ranidae (order: Anura) and the family Caecilidae (order: Gymnophiona) registered the lowest diversity, each representing 4% of diversity, with one species. For reptiles, the families with the highest diversity were Colubridae (17 spp., 34 %) and Dactyloidae (10 spp., 20 %) within the order Squamata, and Geoemydidae (2 spp., 50 %) within the order Testudines. The order Crocodylia was represented only by one species. The families Corytophanidae, Diploglossidae, Hoplocercidae, Iguanidae, Phyllodactylidae, Teiidae, Tropiduridae, Elapidae, Tropidophiidae (order: Squamata), Cheloniidae and Kinosternidae (order: Testudines), and Alligatoridae (order: Crocodylia) also had one species each (Appendix 1, Figure 4).

Figure 4 Number of species and richness percentage per family of amphibians and reptiles in Tumaco and Francisco Pizarro, Nariño, Colombia. A, Amphibia; B, Testudines and Crocodylia; C, Squamata. 

On a global scale, the highest amphibian diversity is concentrated in the families Craugastoridae, with 832 species, followed by Hylidae, with 720 species (Frost, 2019). We found a similar trend, since both families contributed to the greatest number of species in the studied municipalities. In reptiles, the family Colubridae (1944 species) and the genus Anolis (family Dactyloidae, 429 species), are the most speciose taxa (Uetz et al., 2019), similar to the pattern of diversity found in our study.

The municipality of Tumaco had a higher number of species (51 species) than Francisco Pizarro (39 species). Tumaco had 29 exclusive species, while 18 species were found only in Francisco Pizarro. In the latter municipality, 39 species and 18 exclusive species were found.

In Tumaco, localities with the highest number of species were Mar Agrícola (32 spp.) and Universidad Nacional, Sede Tumaco (36 spp.), while there were 20 species in Dimar and 12 species in Corpoica. Despite the lower diversity found in these localities, species such as Diploglossus monotropis and Lepidodactylus lugubris were recorded exclusively in Dimar and Corpoica, respectively. The municipality of Francisco Pizarro, despite having a smaller number of species, had greater number of exclusive amphibian species than Tumaco (9 vs. 5) such as Pristimantis parvillus, P. walkeri and Caecilia guntheri.

Before this publication, and from the same fieldwork done in the region, we published some new records of reptile species for Colombia: Corallus blombergi (Pinto-Erazo & Medina-Rangel, 2018) and Anolis festae (Medina-Rangel et al. 2018a), both of them previously known only from Ecuador. Additionally, in this study we expand the distribution of Anolis auratus and Gonatodes albogularis. The former had been recorded up to the department of Valle del Cauca, and in the case of G. albogularis, up to Gorgona Island, department of Cauca (Castaño-Mora et al., 2004; Castro-Herrera et al., 2012). Records of these species correspond to the southernmost localities in the Chocó biogeographic region of Colombia.

Likewise, for amphibians we found new records for Colombia: Pristimantis walkeri (reported only in Ecuador, Arteaga et al., 2013) and Scinax tsachila (recently described and reported in Ecuador, Ron et al. (2018)). Moreover, Allobates talamancae, Dendropsophus ebraccatus and Scinax sugillatus, are new records for the department of Nariño (Acosta-Galvis, 2019).

Accumulation curves and sampling coverage.

According to our data, we estimated that up to 111 species, around 36 amphibians and 75 reptiles, can be found with a greater sampling effort when sampling coverage higher than 99 % is reached (Figure 5A).In amphibians, with 991 individuals, we obtained a sampling coverage of 98 %, and in reptiles, with 401 individuals, we found a sampling coverage of 95 % (Figure 5B). This inventory has shown slightly better richness results for amphibians than reptiles.

Figure 5 Richness and sampling coverage estimate for amphibians and reptiles from Tumaco and Francisco Pizarro, Nariño, Colombia. A, richness curves; B, Sampling coverage curves. Solid lines: data collected during inventory. Dashed lines: estimates or extrapolations. Shaded areas represent the confidence interval of 95 % generated by re-sampling (500 bootstraps). 

Discussion

In comparison to the herpetofauna recorded for the province of Esmeraldas in Ecuador (MECN, 2010), adjacent to the southern lowlands of the department of Nariño, the municipalities of Tumaco and Salahonda have fewer species. The families Hemiphractidae, Microhylidae and Phyllomedusidae, found in Esmeraldas, were not present in our study. Similarly, within reptiles, of the 24 families recorded in Esmeraldas, two families of lizards (Gymnophthalmidae and Polychrotidae), one of amphisbaenids (Amphisbaenidae), two of snakes (Anomalepididae and Leptotyphlopidae) and one of turtles (Chelydridae) were not found in Tumaco and Salahonda. These differences can be due to methodologies focused on ground-dwelling-species (Amphisbaenidae, Gymnophthalmidae, Leptotyphlopidae, Microhylidae), and that some environments such as aquatic habitat (where Chelydridae species may be found) or canopy habitat (for Hemiphractidae and Phyllomedusidae species) were not sampled at all in this study. Therefore, more sampling effort will be needed to maximize encounter success of some taxa, although our sampling coverage was high for both amphibians and reptiles.

The study region has been classified as a hotspot for deforestation in Colombia, with a probability of 70 % of forest cover being converted to agricultural uses (Etter et al., 2006). This may partially explain, in addition to the lack of certain methodologies, why some of the forest fossorial or leaf litter reptile species were not observed in this study. The same reason can be claimed to explain the absence of some amphibian records in this region, particularly species of the families Hemiphractidae and Phyllomedusidae, which are closely associated with tall-tree vegetation, and are found vocalizing (e.g, members of the genera Agalychnis, Gastrotheca) or perching, in the canopy (e.g. Cruziohyla calcarifer) (Castro-Herrera & Vargas-Salinas, 2008; MECN, 2010; Palacios-Rodríguez et al., 2018). Furthermore, habitat fragmentation, agricultural development, and fumigation with chemicals are factors that reduce the population density of species like Gastrotheca cornuta in Cauca and Nariño (Coloma et al., 2008).

In the Colombian Chocó biogeographic region, most of the amphibian families have slightly high endemism values. Particularly, the family with the highest percentage of endemism is Plethodontidae, since 35 % of species are found only in this region (Lynch & Suárez-Mayorga, 2004). In reptiles, there are 127 endemic species for Colombia, and 30 occur exclusively in this region, representing a 24 % rate of endemism (Castaño-Mora et al., 2004). In this study we found 17 out of 25 species of amphibians and 27 out of 55 species of reptiles endemic for the Chocó Biogeographic region (Appendix 1). In consequence, this region is considered not only as a hotspot for deforestation in Colombia, but also as a hotspot for biodiversity and it acquires a significant relevance regarding the diversity and endemism of its fauna.

Acknowledgements

We thank the National University of Colombia for the logistical and financial support to carry out fieldwork during the development of the Animal Taxonomy course (2015-2016). We also give thanks to our field guides and students of the course, and to María José Espejo and Juan Camilo Ríos for participating in specimen collections and for contributing with some of the photos used in the present document. Finally, we thank John D. Lynch and Santiago Ron for confirming the identification of some specimens and we thank Michelle E. Thompson for reviewing the English of the manuscript.

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Citación del artículo: Pinto, M.A., Calderón, M.L., Medina, G.F. & Méndez, M.A. (2020). Herpetofauna from two mu nicipalities of southwestern Colombia. Biota Colombiana, 21(1), 41-57. DOI: 10.21068/c2020.v21n01a04.

Appendix 1. Taxon list, abundances and museum collection codes of amphibian and reptile species reported in Tumaco and Francisco Pizarro, Nariño, Colombia. #: Endemic species for the Chocó Biogeographic region. Localities: (1) DIMAR, (2) CORPOICA, (3) Mar Agrícola, (4) Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Sede Tumaco and Francisco Pizarro, (5) El Palmichal, (6) La Primavera, (7) the sanitary landfill, (8) Isla del Gallo, (9) Bosque del Acueducto. *Species reported in museum collection databases, in Castaño-Mora et al., 2004 or Lynch & Suárez-Mayorga, 2004. -: No data. O: Observed but not collected. 

Family Species Localities Abundance Collection codes
Order Anura
Aromobatidae Allobates talamancae# (Cope, 1875) 4 8 ICN 57096
Bufonidae Rhinella alata* # (Thominot, 1884) - -
Rhinella horribilis (Wiegmann, 1833) 1, 2, 3, 4 103 ICN 57097-99, 58382-83
Centrolenidae Cochranella litoralis# (Ruiz-Carranza and Lynch, 1996) 4 3 -
Craugastoridae Craugastor longirostris (Boulenger, 1898) 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 45 ICN 57105-22
Pristimantis achatinus (Boulenger, 1898) 4 2 ICN 57103
Pristimantis parvillus# (Lynch, 1976) 5, 9 11 ICN 57123-29, 58380
Pristimantis walkeri# (Lynch, 1974) 5 1 ICN 58379
Strabomantis anomalus* (Boulenger, 1898) - -
Dendrobatidae Epipedobates boulengeri# (Barbour, 1909) 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9 380 ICN 57131-40, 58384-87
Oophaga sylvatica# (Funkhouser, 1956) 5, 6, 9 14 ICN 57130, 58388
Eleutherodactylidae Diasporus gularis# (Boulenger, 1898) 5, 9 15 ICN 57104
Hylidae Boana pellucens# (Werner, 1901) 1, 3, 4, 5, 9 40 ICN 57141-51
Boana rosenbergi# (Boulenger, 1898) 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9 45 ICN 57152-54
Dendropsophus ebraccatus (Cope, 1874) 3 2 ICN 57155-56
Scinax tsachila# Ron, Duellman, Caminer, and Pazmiño, 2018 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 9 131 ICN 57157-69
Scinax sugillatus# (Duellman, 1973) 3, 4 14 ICN 57170-74
Smilisca phaeota (Cope, 1862) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 9 44 ICN 57175-83
Trachycephalus jordani# (Stejneger and Test, 1891) 1, 3, 4, 5, 9 20 ICN 57184-90
Leptodactylidae Leptodactylus rhodomerus# Heyer, 2005 5, 6 10 ICN 57191-93
Leptodactylus ventrimaculatus# Boulenger, 1902 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 98 ICN 57194-207
Ranidae Lithobates vaillanti (Brocchi, 1877) 5, 6, 7 4 ICN 57208
Order Caudata
Plethodontidae Bolitoglossa biseriata Tanner, 1962 5 1 ICN 57209
Bolitoglossa medemi# Brame and Wake, 1972 5 1 ICN 57210
Order Gymnophiona
Caecilidae Caecilia guntheri# Dunn, 1942 5 1 ICN 57211
Order Squamata Sauria
Alopoglosidae Alopoglosus festae # Peracca, 1904 5 1 ICN-R 12669
Ptychoglossus gorgonae# Harris, 1994 5 1 ICN-R 12670
Corytophanidae Basiliscus galeritus Duméril, 1851 2, 3, 4, 5,8, 9 74 ICN-R 12627-28, 12660
Dactyloidae Anolis auratus Daudin, 1802 1, 2, 3, 4 37 12630-32, 12634
Anolis anchicayae*# Poe, Velasco, Miyata & Williams, 2009 - ICN - R 3697
Anolis chloris# Boulenger, 1898 1, 2, 3, 4 11 ICN-R 12629, 12633, 1265
Anolis festae# Peracca, 1904 3 6 ICN-R 12644
Anolis granuliceps# Boulenger, 1898 3 4 ICN-R 4158, 12723
Anolis lyra# Poe, Velasco, Miyata & Williams, 2009 4 1 ICN-R12652
Anolis maculiventris Boulenger, 1898 3, 4, 5 21 ICN-R 12659
Anolis parvauritus# (Williams, 1966) 2, 3, 4, 5, 9 21 ICN-R 12624-25, 12649, 12656,
Anolis princeps*# Boulenger, 1902 - ICN 3583
Anolis "malkini" Cope, 1863 1 1 ICN-R 12635
Diploglossidae Diploglossus monotropis# (Kuhl, 1820) 1 2 ICN-R 12623, 12722
Gekkonidae Hemidactylus frenatus Duméril & bibron, 1836 1, 4, 5 19 ICN-R 12636-8, 12664, 12715, 12719
Lepidodactylus lugubris (Duméril & Bibron, 1836) 2 2 ICN-R 12639
Gymnophthalmidae Anadia vittata*# Boulenger, 1913 - -
Echinosaura horrida*# Boulenger, 1890 - UVC 13189
Hoplocercidae Enyalioides heterolepis# (Bocourt, 1874) 5 2 ICN-R 12721
Iguanidae Iguana iguana (Linnaeus, 1758) 1, 3 4 ICN-R 4619-20
Phyllodactylidae Thecadactylus rapicauda (Houttuyn, 1782) 4, 5, 8, 9 7 ICN-R 12653, 12712-14
Sphaerodactylidae Gonatodes albogularis (Duméril & Bibron, 1836) 3 5 ICN-R 12640-43, 12811
Lepidoblepharis intermedius# Boulenger, 1914 1, 4 18 ICN-R 12671-74
Lepidoblepharis ruthveni# Parker, 1926 5, 9 3 ICN-R 12717, 12718, 12730
Teiidae Holcosus bridgesii# Cope, 1869 1, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9 45 ICN-R 12622, 12626, 12661-62
Tropiduridae Stenocercus iridescens*# (Günther, 1859) - ICN-R-4225
Serpentes
Boidae Boa constrictor Linnaeus, 1758 1 1 O
Corallus annulatus (Cope, 1875) 5, 9 2 ICN-R 12654
Corallus blombergi# (Rendahl & Vestergren, 1940) 4 1 ICN-R 12701
Colubridae Atractus iridescens# Peracca, 1896 4 1 ICN-R 12812
Chironius flavopictus# (Werner, 1909) 3 1 ICN-R 12699
Dipsas gracilis# (Boulenger, 1902) 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9 28 ICN-R 12607, 12614,12617-18, 12647, 12657, 12705
Erythrolamprus epinephelus (Cope, 1862) 2, 3 3 ICN-R 12608, 12619, 12707
Imantodes cenchoa (Linnaeus, 1758) 3, 4 5 ICN-R 12611-12, 12620, 12658
Imantodes inornatus (Boulenger, 1896) 3 1 ICN-R 12610
Leptodeira annulata (Linnaeus, 1758) 3, 4, 5 7 ICN-R 12609, 12613, 12615, 12655, 12700
Leptophis ahaetulla (Linnaeus, 1758) 4 1 ICN-R 12605
Leptophis depressirostris# (Cope, 1861) 5 1 ICN-R 12663
Mastigodryas pulchriceps (Cope, 1868) 5 1 ICN-R 12703
Ninia teresitae# Angarita-Sierra & Lynch, 2017 2, 3, 5 3 ICN-R 12616, 12621, 12702
Oxybelis aeneus* (Wagler, 1824) - -
Oxybelis brevirostris* (Cope, 1861) - ICN-R 2640
Oxyrhopus petolarius (Linnaeus, 1758) 4 1 ICN-R 12706
Phrynonax shropshirei# (Barbour & Amaral, 1924) 3 1 ICN-R 12646
Sibon nebulatus (Linnaeus, 1758) 3, 4, 5, 6, 9 24 ICN-R 12645, 12648, 12650, 12704
Spilotes pullatus (Linnaeus, 1758) 4, 5, 7 2 ICN-R 12597, 12711
Elapidae Micrurus dumerilii trasandinus (Jan, 1858) 5 1 ICN-R 12709
Tropidophiidae Trachyboa boulengeri# Peracca, 1910 4 1 ICN-R 12813
Viperidae Bothriechis schlegelii (Berthold, 1846) 4 1 ICN-R 12606
Bothrops asper (Garman, 1883) 5, 7 4 ICN-R 12708, 12710
Order Testudinata
Cheloniidae Lepidochelys olivacea* (Eschscholtz, 1829) - -
Geoemydidae Rhinoclemmys nasuta#* (Boulenger, 1902) - ICN-R 7710,7711, 7750
Rhinoclemmys melanosterna# (Gray, 1861) 1, 3, 4, 5 11 ICN-R 7704
Kinosternidae Kinosternon leucostomum (Duméril, Bibron & Duméril, 1851) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 9 11 O
Order Crocodylia
Alligatoridae Caiman crocodilus (Linnaeus, 1758) 3 3 O
32 80 20 1392

Recebido: 08 de Maio de 2019; Aceito: 19 de Novembro de 2019

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