Scope and editorial policy
The objective of CT&F is to publish the achievements of scientific research and technological developments of Ecopetrol S.A. and the research of other institutions in the field of oil, gas and alternative energy sources. The articles submitted must be original and innovative, in English; and neither previously published, nor simultaneously published in other journals.
CT&F CONTENT INCLUDES
a) ARTICLES OF SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL RESEARCH: documents which present in detail the original results of research projects. Document structure generally includes four important parts: Introduction, methodology, results and conclusions.
Note: The manuscripts must be unpublished works. The opinion expressed in them is the sole responsibility of the authors. The reception of an article does not imply its publication; it shall be subject to various revisions and evaluations prior to publication.
Presentation of the articles
On average, the articles must contain 20 pages numbered on the lower right-hand corner and a maximum of 10 Figures or Tables. Footnotes are not accepted.
They must be presented in Times New Roman font in a size of 12 points, double spaced, single column, on letter size paper, and must be drafted on programs that run in the Windows environment, and complying with the journal norms. PDF formats are not accepted.
The International System of Units (SI) must be used.
The author must provide landline and mobile telephone numbers, and a personal email address in order to facilitate contact and process follow up.
Article presentations must contain the following:
• Title: The article´s title must contain the words nece-ssary to precisely describe the main topic treated without being excessively long (14 Maximum words, Arial 16).
Each appendix must contain only one type of information, be ordered as they appear referenced in the article, begin in a new page, and be identified with a title.
Abbreviations: The first time that abbreviations appear within the text, they must be placed between parentheses after the full expression. The abbreviations and symbols used must also be explained under the correspondent tables or figures.
Chemical formulas and mathematical expressions: The subscripts and superscripts in formulas must be clearly indicated.
The numbers that identify equations must be between parentheses and in italic, on the right of the equations.
Fractions in formulas must be written with a horizontal line. When stating them within the text they may be written with a slash.
Decimals must be separated by a period. To indicate thousands, half a space is included between the digits. Equations must be numbered in sequence and be referenced within the text in the following manner: Equation 3 (italic and first letter capitalized.) The terms of the equations and chemical formulas in the text should be in italic.
Figures: The term "Figure" is used for diagrams, photographs, and graphs. The notes related to the Figure are included under the figure and the information contained must be complete and with indicators that contributes to the article. The Figures do not require frames.
They should preferably be attached by a separate files in full color or easily readable as black and white, in JPG or in a PDF file, exported from the original program with a minimum resolution of 300 dpi and 9 cm size.
Tables: The title of each column must be short, with measurement units between parentheses. Notes related to the Table must be complete and should orient the reader and these are included under the Table.
Figures and Tables must have independent consecutive numbering.
All Figures and Tables must be referenced within the text before being presented. If a Figure or Table is based on information coming from a external source, the text must contain the whole bibliographic reference, just on the bottom side of the Figure or Table or inside the normal paper text.
The words "Figure" and "Table" should be in bold and without point as shown in the following example:
Figure 1. Visual examination of the fracture.
PRESENTATION OF THE BIBIOGRAPHICAL REFERENCES
References shall be located at the end of the text, not as footnotes. They must be complete and precise so they may be easily found by the reader; do not use links. In general terms take the following into account:
• When quoting sources within the articles:
a. If the author is not part of the sentence: the last name shall appear between parentheses, followed by the year of publication; e.g. “…it seems that in this case the influence of the radical inhibitors in the solution is minimal (Longman, 1977).” If it is necessary to mention two authors, the last names should be joined by an ampersand (&) within parentheses; e.g. (Engler & Tiab, 1996).
b. If the author is part of the sentence: the last name is stated followed by the year in parentheses: e.g.”…to this purpose we have available the RANK_OBJ program developed by Deutsch (1998).”
c. If two authors are referenced the last names shall be united by “&” and the year in parentheses; e.g. “Shmaryan and Deutsch (1999) demonstrated that ….”
d. When referencing from three to five authors, it is necessary to refer to all the authors the first time they are mentioned; e.g. (Cortez, Jones & Hammond, 1998). In subsequent quotes the name of the first author shall be written followed by the expression “et al.”; e.g. (Cortez et al., 1998). When the authors are part of the sentence, e.g. “…the mechanism was proposed by Cortez, Jones and Hammond (1998)…” in subsequent quotes it shall be “Cortez et al. (1998) studied the advances…”
e. For six or more authors the last name of the firs author shall always be used followed by the expression et al.; e.g. (Miller et al., 2005) and if the authors are part of the sentence it shall read thus: “demonstrated by Miller et al. (2005) in their research…”
• Bibliographical references at the end of the article:
They must be presented in alphabetical order as per the last name of the author mentioned in the text.
a. Papers: Last name, initial(s) of first names. (Year of publication). Full title of quoted article. Full name of journal, volume (number of edition), number of pages. DOI number.
Townend, J. (1997). Estimates of conductive heat flow through bottom-simulating reflectors on the Hikurangi and southwest Fiordland continental margins, New Zealand. Marine Geology, 141: 209-220. DOI: XXXX
b. Books: Last name, initial(s) of first names. (Year of publication). Book title. Number of edition, volume. City: Publisher´s name in abbreviation. If the name of the printing house is available, it shall be written in full but omitting terms such as “printing house”, “Publisher”, “Co.” or “Inc.”
c. Book chapter: Last name, initial(s) of chapter author´s first names. (Year of publication). Full title of chapter title. In: Last name, initial(s) of compiler´s book first names. Book title, Number of edition, volume. City, name of the printing house is available, number of pages.
d. Thesis: Last name, initial(s) of first names. (Year of publication). Thesis title. Academic program develo-ped and academic unit involved. The University, City, total pages.
Beekman, F. (1994). Tectonic modelling of thick-skinned compressional intraplate deformation. Ph. D. Thesis, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, 152pp.
e. Memories of Conferences, Symposiums, and Events: Last name, initial(s) of first names. (Year of publication). Presentation title. Name of the event. City.
Escobar, F. H., Saavedra, N. F., Hernández, C. M., Hernández, Y. A., Pilataxi, J. F. & Pinto, D. A. (2004). Pressure and pressure derivative analysis for linear homogeneous reservoirs without using type-curve matching. 28th Annual SPE International Technical Conference and Exhibition, Abuja, Nigeria. SPE 88874.
f. Patents: Last name, initial(s) of first names. (Year of publication). Patent - Number. Title. City.
g. Technical Standards: Code. Title. Compendium it is belonging to. Vol., Editorial. Year.
f. Technical reports: Last name, initial(s) of first names. (Year of publication). Title. Technical report. Institution.
f. Web page: Author (Year of publication). Title. Institution which generates the information. [On line document]. [Date of consulting]. Available in <http://www./>
Entitled to those who have participated sufficiently in the development of the manuscript, or have carried out a critical revision of important content and intellectual contribution, and assume responsibility for the integrity of what is published.
Copyrights of the publication are protected as per regulations in effect in Creative Commons Protocols (CC-BY-NC-SA, https://co.creativecommons.org/?page_id=13).
Sending of manuscripts
Articles in technical English or Spanish must be sent to the Editorial Board coupled with a filled Presenta-tion Letter format at least six months in advanced of the following date of publication of the journal to the email address: firstname.lastname@example.org. However, it´s possible to send articles throughout the year, so CT&F receives articles for its both annually editions. If the articles are approved by the Editorial Board, they are sent to at least two internationally well-known and qualified anonymous peers reviewers, external to the Editorial Board. Authors must provide the contact data of four potential reviewers, experts in the topic of the article, and without any link or relationship to the institute to which the authors are affiliated.
The Editorial Board continues the process by verifying the evaluations of the external peer reviewers and sending the responses from authors, requesting also any modification to style which it may consider pertinent, prior to authorizing publication. If the Editorial Board of CT&F has not received response from the authors to the suggestions done for the external reviewers after a period of three weeks, the paper will be remove from the evaluation process.
An article that has been approved by the Board is sent to the authors for approval of the final version. The authors receive a sample of the issue free of cost.
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