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Revista Colombiana de Obstetricia y Ginecología

Print version ISSN 0034-7434

Abstract

ARANGO-PINEDA, Johanna Carolina et al. Umbilical cord pseudo-cysts: clinical case report and review of the literature. Rev Colomb Obstet Ginecol [online]. 2013, vol.64, n.3, pp.344-349. ISSN 0034-7434.

Introduction: Umbilical cord cysts are classified as pseudo-cysts and true cysts, the difference being the presence of epithelium inside the cyst on hystology. The objective of this paper is to report a case of umbilical cord pseudocyst in Colombia, and a review of the literature regarding its origin, diagnostic difference, and potential association with congenital abnormalities. Materials and methods: 20 year-old female patient referred to the Valle University Hospital in Cali, a tertiary level institution. On ultrasound, multiple hypoechoic images were found in the proximal portion of the umbilical cord at 16 weeks. At 32 weeks, she was undergone to C-section due to pre-term labor and podalic presentation of a female newborn with no congenital abnormalities and 46, XX karyotype. The umbilical cord showed a hydropic appearance and, under the microscopic examination, 3 vessels were seen, accompanied by edema of Wharton’s jelly, mixoid changes and no epythelium. The final diagnosis was umbilical cord pseudocyst. A search of the literature was conducted in Medline, Ovid, ScienceDirect and Cochrane Reviews using the terms umbilical cord, pseudocyst, and umbilical cord cyst. Conclusion: Umbilical cord pseudocysts and true cysts are of good prognosis when they are the only abnormal finding in the fetus, but there is an important association between cysts and other anatomical defects and chromosomal abnormalities.

Keywords : Umbilical cord; pseudocyst; cord cyst.

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