Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
Print version ISSN 0034-7450
SAMPSON, Anthony. The Verbal Hallucination and Interior Language. rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2006, vol.35, n.1, pp. 85-95. ISSN 0034-7450.
Objective and method: This paper is an historical-critical examination of the classic notion of hallucination in psychiatry. Results: Traditionally, hallucinations have been placed on the sense systems. As a consequence of a disorder in one of these systems, the subject experiences a “perception without an object”. Therefore, hallucinations are conceived as mere cognitive mistakes. I critique this presentation from an epistemological point of view. Sensualism is the metaphysical doctrine that, along with a naive realism, hides behind the classic version. I propose an alternate point of view based on the intimate relation between inner speech and hallucinations. Language is the means through which the self comes to the subject. The psychotic dissolution of the self is the disaggregation of the assembly of the three instances (I - you - he) of the speech's act. But this alternate version of psychosis requires a new conception of ontology based on language and its relation with death.
Keywords : Hallucinations; perception; knowledge; voice.