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vol.38 issue1EVOLUTIONARY PARALLELS IN THE STUDY OF BEHAVIOR: CONSIDERATIONS AROUND THE CAUSAL MODE PROBLEMCONCIENTE THE COMPUTATIONAL-CONNECTIONIST PROJECT IN THE THEORETICAL ANALYSIS OF CONSCIOUS ACTIVITY author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología

Print version ISSN 0120-0534

Abstract

VARELA**, JULIO et al. VISUAL PRIMACY: TRANSFER UNDER STIMULI'S RELATION CHANGE. rev.latinoam.psicol. [online]. 2006, vol.38, n.1, pp.119-135. ISSN 0120-0534.

Ninety subjects with different ages and school experience were trained on a zero-delay, second-order matching-to-sample task. The task consisted in the class identification of vegetables and animals (in any order) as living beings. Stimuli could be visual, auditory, or both in one of six possible arrays of second-order, sample, and comparison stimuli. Transfer tests changed the identity word relation, classified as objects, animals or vegetables. Transfer sessions involved test trials (1) with the same number; (2) fewer; or (3) more auditory stimuli than in training. One 7 years old student four 10 years old, seven 14 years old and fourteen college students learned the task when this included more visual than auditory stimuli. Fifteen subjects 14 years old of another sample obtained the training criterion and maintained it at transfer tests. The study points out the importance the visual stimulus had in this kind of task. The function of the scholar training is also discussed.

Keywords : second-order matching-to-sample; zero delay; visual and auditory stimuli; stimulus function; reading; listening; humans.

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