Revista Colombiana de Química
versão impressa ISSN 0120-2804
Sawdust of two varieties of pine (Pinus cupresus, Pinus caribeae) have been studied for the removal Ni2+ from industrial wastes. A comparative study using batch operations allowed establishing the influence of initial metal concentration, amount of adsorbent and stirring rate in the removal process. Pinus cupresus variety shows the biggest adsorption, 0,53 mgNi/g; and considering its availability and low cost, it becomes a potential commercial adsorbent. A kinetic model was fitted for the metal adsorption. The experimental results provided evidence for ionic exchange with Ca2+ and Mg2+ as the major adsorption mechanism. The residual wet cake can be disposed by incineration, because about 44% of nickel is deposited in the ashes. Finally an adsorption column was developed achieving an efficiency of 57% in the removing process.
Palavras-chave : adsorption; sawdust; ionic exchange; nickel.