Ingeniería e Investigación
versión impresa ISSN 0120-5609
LEON, Juan; SEYLER, Frederique y PUERTA, Astrid. Rating curve estimation using Envisat virtual stations on the main Orinoco river. Ing. Investig. [online]. 2011, vol.31, n.3, pp. 91-99. ISSN 0120-5609.
Rating curve estimation (height-stream relation) made by hydrometric stations representing cross-sections of a river is one of hydrometrics' fundamental tasks due to the fact that it leads to deducing a river's average daily flow on that particular section. This information is fundamental in any attempt at hydrological modelling. However, the number of hydrological control stations monitoring large hy-drological basins has been reduced worldwide. Space hydrology studies during the last five years have shown that satellite radar altimetry means that hydrological monitoring networks' available information can be densified due to the introduction of so-called virtual stations and the joint use of such information along with in-situ measured flow records for estimating expenditure curves at these stations. This study presents the rating curves for 4 Envisat virtual stations located on the main stream of the Orinoco River. Virtual stations' flows were estimated by using the Muskin-gum-Cunge 1D model. There was less than 1% error between measured and estimated flows. The methodology led to reducing average zero flow depth; in this case, it led to depths ranging from 11 to 20 meters being found along the 130 km of the Orinoco River represented by the virtual stations being considered.
Palabras llave : biogas; oxygen enrichment; greenhouse gas; combustion property.