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Ingeniería e Investigación

Print version ISSN 0120-5609


LUEVANOS-ROJAS, A.; LOPEZ-CHAVARRIA, S.  and  MEDINA-ELIZONDO, M.. Optimal design for rectangular isolated footings using the real soil pressure. Ing. Investig. [online]. 2017, vol.37, n.2, pp.25-33. ISSN 0120-5609.

The standard design method (classical method) for reinforced concrete rectangular footings is: First, a dimension is proposed and should comply with the allowable stresses; subsequently, the effective depth is obtained from the maximum moment and is checked against the bending shear and the punching shear until, it complies with these conditions and, then, steel reinforcement is obtained, but it is not guarantee that the minimum cost will be obtained. This paper shows an optimal design for reinforced concrete rectangular footings using the new model. A numerical experimentation is presented to show the model capability to estimate the minimum cost design of the materials used for a rectangular footing that supports an axial load and moments in two directions in accordance to the building code requirements for structural concrete and commentary (ACI 318-13). Also, a comparison is made between the optimal design and current design for rectangular footings. The solutions show that the optimal design is more economical and more precise with respect to the current design, because standard design is done by trial and error. Then, the optimal design should be used to obtain the minimum cost design for reinforced concrete rectangular footings.

Keywords : Optimal design; reinforced concrete rectangular footings; minimum cost design; moments; bending shear; punching shear.

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