versión impresa ISSN 0120-8705
REINA ALZATE, MONICA; ANGULO ESPINOSA, SANDRA ISABEL; SEGURA CARDONA, ÁNGELA MARÍA y TRUJILLO ZEA, ANDRÉS. Elements for risk management in health promoters institutions of the contributory system in Colombia. CES Med. [online]. 2010, vol.24, n.1, pp. 19-35. ISSN 0120-8705.
Risk is defined as an event that is unknown, undesirable, sudden, and beyond our control that when present could carry negative consequences for the parties at isk. As a result, the risk management program is created providing a sequence of clearly defined steps that help the individual in making decisions during the evaluation of risk impact in an enterprise. A planned approach is an efficient way of identifying opportunities and losses resulting from an action at risk, and help improving performance, quality, and safety of any type of businesses, whether they are public or privately owened. A risk management program consists of basic elements such as background definition and risk identification, evaluation, management, monitoring, and renewal. Risk management usually starts with the identification of the level of risk that an entity faces, which results from a probabilistic analysis. Once the risk level is identified, an action plan is prepared for the mitigation of risk. The success of a risk management program is determined by the identification of clear and specific objectives as well as by how accurate is the identification of the level of risk that an organization may face. The program implementation for the public health sector will require a planning phase that starts with a detailed study of the business conditions such the marketing enviroment, sales, and number and type of the subscribers; and ends with an estimation of the impact to the health levels of the subscribers. The risk management program allows the organization to classify its activities in tree main areas: health risks, management risks, and others. Because this system, applied to the health sector is still in legislative settings, change the scope of that to the extent that the definition of new guidelines from the Ministerio de la Protección Social and the Superintendencia Nacional de Salud.
Palabras llave : Risk; Health Services Administration; Risk Management; Probability; Management.