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CT&F - Ciencia, Tecnología y Futuro

Print version ISSN 0122-5383
On-line version ISSN 2382-4581

Abstract

RAMIREZ-DUQUE, José-Luis  and  RAMOS-LUCUMI, Mabel-Angélica. HYDRODYNAMIC COMPUTATIONAL EVALUATION IN SOLAR TUBULAR PHOTOBIOREACTORS BENDS. C.T.F Cienc. Tecnol. Futuro [online]. 2011, vol.4, n.4, pp.59-72. ISSN 0122-5383.

In this article, the hydrodynamic behavior of a single-phase flow in various solar collectors with diffe-rent cross sections (circular, octagonal, hexagonal and square), with same hydraulic diameter and longitudinal profile was analyzed. Secondary flow, pressure drop and shear stress were evaluated, because the photosynthetic efficiency and microalgae endurance depend on these properties. These parameters were reviewed at six different culture inlet rates in the collector (from 0,25 m/s to 0,5 m/s), emphasizing in the bends regions. A higher speed and agitation was pre-sent in the square solar collector, contrary to what happened to the circular one. Despite this, the circular solar collector remains the best option for the industrial implementation phase. However, the shear stress generated in the culture -as it passes through the 180° bend of the solar collector- affects the microalgae growth, as stated in the literature.

Keywords : Computational fluid dynamic; Microalgae; Microalgal biomass; Shear stress; Solar collector; Tubular photobioreactor.

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