Boletín de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras - INVEMAR
Print version ISSN 0122-9761
MANCERA P., José Ernesto and VIDAL V., Luís Alfonso. FLORECIMIENTO DE MICROALGAS RELACIONADO CON MORTANDAD MASIVA DE PECES EN EL COMPLEJO LAGUNAR CIÉNAGA GRANDE DE SANTA MARTA, CARIBE COLOMBIANO. bol. invemar [online]. 1994, vol.23, n.1, pp. 103-117. ISSN 0122-9761.
A discontinuous phenomenon of massive fish mortality occurred in the estuarine lagoonal complex of the Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta, Colombia, in July and August 1994. The first event occurred from the 15th to the 19th of July, the second took place one month later around the 20th of August, and the last one was evident from the 26th to the 31st of the same month. High concentrations of Cf. Anabaenopsis sp., a filamentous cyanobacteria, reported in the literature as highly toxic, may have been related to the causes of the first event. An increase in phosphorus concentrations resulting in massive blooms of cyanobacteria and flagellate algae of nano and picoplankton could explain the hypoxic and anoxic conditions associated to the third event of massive fish mortality. However, other possible causes, such as toxic gas liberation from the sediment and anoxia from bacterial activity cannot be roled out. The dead fish biomass was not quantified, but information obtained from fishermen suggests for sea catfish (Ariidae) values well over 20 tons. The massive death phenomenon here reported seems to be the strongest in the last years.